Urinary Tract Infections
About 40 percent of women and 12 percent of men will get a urinary tract infection during their lifetime. This occurs when bacteria gets into the urethra and travels to the bladder. These areas may become irritated and cause pain or burning, or they may compel you to empty your bladder long before you normally would. Your urine may also smell unusual or look cloudy.
A course of oral antibiotics is usually enough to clear up a simple infection. More complicated cases require antibiotics intravenously, followed by several weeks of oral antibiotics. Determining the cause of recurring infection is important. Ultrasound, cystoscopy, x-ray studies, or laparoscopy may be performed.