Female Bladder Prolapse

Female bladder prolapse occurs when your pelvic muscles and ligaments weaken and stretch to the point that they no longer support your bladder. When this happens, the back of your bladder may sag into your vagina and cause discomfort, urinary problems or pain during intercourse. Bladder prolapse is also called cystocele.
Bladder prolapse is caused by prolonged straining. Childbirth, chronic constipation, violent coughing and heavy lifting can all contribute to the weakening of your bladder support muscles. Menopause and obesity may also contribute to prolapse.


In many cases, bladder prolapse responds well to non-invasive treatments including kegel exercises. If exercise does not help, estrogen replacement therapy, biofeedback, electrical stimulation or a support device called a pessary can help. Surgery is usually reserved for severe cases.