The prostate is a gland about the size of a walnut and is located just below your bladder and in front of the rectum. It is the part of the male reproductive system that helps produce semen and nourish sperm. 
The majority of prostate cancers begin in the gland cells of the prostate. This type of prostate cancer is called adenocarcinoma and if caught early, it is very treatable. Rarely, prostate cancer can form in other tissues of the prostate, called sarcoma.
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men. One in every six American men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer. However, the good news is that it is a very curable form of cancer when caught early. We recommend routine screening for men in their 40's.


Symptoms of prostate cancer may include:
  • Weak or interrupted flow of urine
  • Frequent urination (especially at night)
  • Trouble urinating
  • Pain or burning during urination
  • Traces of blood in your urine or semen
  • Pain in your back, hips or pelvis that doesn’t go away
  • Painful when ejaculating
If you have one or more of these symptoms, it does not necessarily mean you have prostate cancer. These symptoms are also common with other conditions. See your doctor to determine the cause and begin treatment as soon as possible.


Like most cancers, there are four stages of prostate cancer. See your doctor immediately if you have symptoms, because the earlier you are diagnosed, the more treatable it is.

Stage I

Cancer has formed inside the prostate but cannot be felt during a rectal exam and is not yet visible to imaging. It is usually found accidentally during unrelated surgeries or by routine screening.

Stage II

Cancer is more advanced, but has not yet spread outside the prostate.

Stage III

Cancer has spread beyond the outer layer of the prostate to other nearby tissues and may be found in the seminal vesicles.

Stage IV

Cancer has spread to lymph nodes or other parts of the body, such as the bladder, rectum, bones, liver or lungs.

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